Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Success Of Super Bowl Commercials By George Orwell

Thousands of Americans gathered to watch the 1984 Super Bowl, a tradition that had become a trademark in our societal culture. However, what those viewing did not know was that they would soon witness a revolutionary advertisement that would impact pop culture around the country every year following that moment. Apple would discover the success of Super Bowl commercials by referencing to one of the most beloved yet feared works of recent American history: â€Å"1984†. By alluding to the novel â€Å"1984† by George Orwell, the Apple Company was able to market their product successfully by showing representations of what the audience’s life would be like without the product, what their product represents, and how their product will impact the well-being of the viewers. As the commercial commences, viewers are introduced to a line of marchers making their way down a tube-like hallway with small screens connected to the walls that watch their every step (Mac). The ma rchers all wear the same grey, oversized work clothing and a glimpse of their faces reveals that they are completely bald and hold the same emotionless facial expressions. (Mac). On the screens it is seen that there is a man speaking to them in a dictator-like fashion whose speech is heard throughout the entirety of the advertisement as he begins to speak of â€Å"Information Purification Directives† and a â€Å"garden of pure ideology† (Mac). The marchers, which represent what would become of society, blindly follow the words of the

Monday, May 18, 2020

British Columbia Health Care System - 825 Words

At some point in time, we all must have had a chance of sitting in a waiting room of a hospital. I had a chance to visit the doctor last week and it was horrible, I had to wait to meet the doctor for around 4 hours While I was dying of pain. That made me to curse the whole hospital system in Canada and that s the main reason that lead me to prepare this essay . British Columbia health care system with emphasis on Providing patient-centred care. which is defined as Shifting the culture of health care from being disease-centred and provider-focused to being patient centered. This represents a great polished political language which they use to make people feel content and confident by confusing without them knowing that they are being confused. The health care statement seems to be impressive when reading it , and compared to my first experience of going to a hospital being sick made me realize that all those polished words are totally fake . As I had to come across through a very different and terrible experience and I felt like being onto a shop during boxing day .As the hospital was overcrowded with patients and everyone was waiting in queue to acquire their product at any cost which is considered to be the doctors service. There was sheer cloudy vagueness in the hospital according to Orwell s language as everything seemed to be blurred together like ink on a wet paper . As looking at the picture we can spot that most people have hands supporting chin andShow MoreRelatedBritish Columbia Health Care System815 Words   |  4 Pageshospital system in Canada and that s the main reason that lead me to prepare this essay . British Columbia health care system emphasis on Providing patient-centred care. which is defined as Shifting the culture of health care from being disease-centred and provider-focused to being patient centred. This represents a great polished political language which they use to make people feel happy and confident by confusing withou t they knowing that they are being confused. The health care statementRead MoreComparison Between Different And Methods1126 Words   |  5 Pagesboth systems comprising similarities up to some degree. In the populace based planning principle concern is focus on population health issues, but institutional based planning is generally concern about an existing service or service delivery association. At this point it is clear that populace based arrangement conduct in national level while institutional-planning is conduct in organizational level. Population based planning begins with a need evaluation and based on investigating health issuesRead MoreHand Hygiene For Human Services Professionals1289 Words   |  6 Pagesremains low at 20% to 50% (British Columbia Ministry of Health, 2012). There are multiple factors of noncompliance that have been identified. Existing guidelines suggest the utilization of Alcohol- based hand rub formulations as the new standard of consideration, accordingly requiring a framework change in many ho spitals. Also, healthcare worker education and motivation are clearly critical to change hand cleanliness conduct and should be a piece of multimodal systems to improve consistence in healingRead MoreThe United States Vs. Canadian Healthcare System875 Words   |  4 PagesStates vs. Canadian Healthcare System There are different models of universal healthcare systems. The first is compulsory insurance which demands that residents should buy insurance; various legislations usually enforce this request. Another type of universal insurance is the single payer health care system which is defined by the government providing funding for the health care services. The United States health care system uses the former, while the Canadian system utilizes the latter. The NationalRead MoreThe United States Vs. Canadian Healthcare System882 Words   |  4 PagesStates  vs. Canadian Healthcare System ​There are different models of universal healthcare systems. The first is compulsory insurance which demands that residents should buy insurance; various legislations usually enforce this request.   Another type of universal insurance is the single payer health care system which  is defined  by the government providing funding for the health care services. The United States health care system uses the former while Canadian system utilizes the latter. The NationalRead MoreThe Regulations Of Early Childhood Education805 Words   |  4 Pageschildhood education. Regulations set by the government has a vital role to play in the quality of child care and development of any country. In Canada, there are three levels of government: Federal, Provincial and Municipal who are accountable for the system of child care in the country. Provincial or Territorial Government in Canada are responsible for regulating the child care services. So, child care regulations in Canada differ in provinces and in territories (Kehoe, 2016). In the chart below, I haveRead MoreAdverse Drug Reaction1305 Words   |  6 PagesWhat would you it meant to you if a disease or an allergic reaction could have been prevented if there were more test in a health care system that could have saved millions of patient’s lives? What if the allergic reaction could easily have avoided if there were a procedure and policy taken place in the health care system? By a mislabeling test specimen which includes a system that should have been added as a policy has failed at a high rate of patients that to this day there are working on makingRead MoreDementi A Progressive Mental Disorder1389 Words   |  6 Pagescontributes to another person s social, medical, environmental and economic resources (Myers, 2009). Although family members taking on the role of caregiver can experience a sense of gratification, great meaning and a personal benefit in providing care, they also take on the burden of psychological, emotional, financial and physic al which can lead to depression (Kramer, 2000). Depression is a state of abnormal mood disturbances characterized by feelings of despair, sadness and worthlessness (MyersRead MoreEffects of Coloniztionon First Nations1483 Words   |  6 Pagescontinue to perpetuate it’s work. According to†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ child welfare is just an arm of residential school, in fact, child welfare today has more children in care than residential schools. If we look at healthcare the inequality is evident that majority of Canadians received more accessible healthcare than do Aboriginal peoples. If we look at how our systems function, everything must serve the greater cause of colonization. If ideologies do not adhere to mainstreams ideas, values and beliefs, it is unlikelyRead MoreIndigenous Peoples Experience Racism And Discrimination911 Words   |  4 Pagestrusting relationship and provide culturally competent care. Ultimately, colonialism is still affecting the h ealth of the Aboriginal population. In this paper I will discuss an incident of discrimination I witnessed that many of the staff were probably unaware was actually discriminating to the patients. Nurses compose the majority of health care providers and therefore we have the responsibility and power to make a change (Canadian Institute for Health Information, 2013). Nurses must gain cultural competence

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Criticism of Fordes Claim on Benjamin Franklins...

Argumentative Essay on Fordes claim on Benjamin Franklins autobiography Benjamin Franklins autobiography by Steven Fordes was compiled both as a template for the ancient Americans on how they should live and interact with one another in their society and a memoire to his son. The work was received and embraced by many around the world, Asians and Europeans inclusive. The work was also criticized for many reasons. In order to reach his aim or goal, Forde split the work into three distinct topics; 1) Wealth and Virtue, 2) Virtue of reasonableness, 3) the art of sociability. This essay will look into the succinct analysis of the first part of the autobiography using various sources from Benjamin Franklin to substantiate criticisms and arguments against Fordes claims. The paper will specifically center on the Benjamins Franklins wealth as an individual, and its connection with virtue. Wealth and virtue, to a given extent, were obtained by Benjamin, and in his autobiography; he lucidly provides an explanation on how the two have close relationship. He realize s that just like his friends and other people, acquires motivation from wealth as well as material advancement. He depicts to the audience that through the attempts and practice of being virtuous, he has actually enjoyed happiness and success in his life. Franklin, in most of his biographies states that the ultimate aim or goal of the virtues is not the use of these virtues for individual purposes or benefits in

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Adoption Of Geneva Conventions - 1882 Words

Introduction Wars have been always a menace and a threat to humanity. Throughout of the ages, the noble spirited and peace loving people have tried to bring an end to the hostility and conflicts among human beings. The adoption of Geneva Conventions in 1949 was seen as a significant break though in this regard and it was hoped that human sufferings resulting from armed conflicts will be minimized to a considerable extent if not eliminated completely. Even after the passage of about eight decades of the adoption of Geneva Conventions, this dream is still far from realization. During all these years we saw different nations interpreting and using the rules of Geneva Conventions in different ways suiting their interest. This differing practice on the part of different nations did a lot of harm to the common cause of protecting the life and well being of human beings. A major divergence from Geneva Convention rules has been seen post 9/11. The 9/11 incidents and subsequent â€Å"war on terror† gave rise to a completely new form of armed conflict which resulted in new legal challenges. As this war on terror is a non-traditional war which was almost unfamiliar by the times when Geneva Conventions were framed so, most of the rules of Geneva Conventions were focused on international armed conflicts. Traditionally, we witnessed armed conflicts in which states stood against other states but in recent decades, especially after the dawn of 21st century, these armed conflicts have becomeShow MoreRelatedEssay Human Rights Violations in the War on Terrorism1036 Words   |  5 Pages Following the September 11th terrorist attacks in which at least 3,000 people were killed, the United States has pursued policies that violate human rights in order to wage the war on terrorism. These policies include the adoption of new security measures, the poor treatment of captured fighters at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba, and the willingness of the Bush administration to overlook human rights violations in other countries in return for their support in the war on terrorism. WhenRead MoreChild Soldiers in Miliary Services1565 Words   |  6 Pagesrecruitment of children into armed groups. The authors, Professor Guy Goodwin-Gill and Dr Ilene Cohn, are two eminent lawyers whose work on Child soldiers was commissioned by the Henry Dunant Institute, the research centre of the Red Cross movement in Geneva. It is probably not coincidence that this book was launched in 1994, three years after the Conference on Children of War, taken place in Stockholm and organized by the Swedish Red Cross the Raoul Wallenberg Institute. The aftermath of this conferenceRead MoreUn Convention Against Torture And Part II Of The 1949 Geneva Protocol990 Words   |  4 Pagesmonitoring in detainment centers, Taking into account the undistinguished threshold between enhanced interrogation and torture, In agreement with the 1984 UN Convention Against Torture and Part II of the 1949 Geneva Protocol regarding human rights, 1. Welcomes reform to the 1984 UN Convention Against Torture and Part II of the 1949 Geneva Protocol to: a. define the people to which the articles apply, thus clearly designating their rights, b. specify the language used in order to prevent the findingRead MoreA Brief History of Unctad.1096 Words   |  5 PagesUnited Nations Conference on Trade and Developmement United Nations Conference on Trade and Development | Acronyms | UNCTAD | Head | Supachai Panitchpakdi | Status | Active | Established | 1964 | Headquarters | Geneva, Switzerland | Website | | The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body. It is the principal organ of the United Nations General Assembly dealing with trade, investment,Read MoreApplication of IHL in Darfur Essay2103 Words   |  9 Pagestime, and the current global hegemony has not conclusively provoked further conflict, but rather, developed mechanisms to protect those affected by the circumstances of an armed conflict. International Humanitarian Law (IHL) was devised by the Geneva Conventions, a paramount composition of accords that followed the Second World War in a historical juncture that would persuade political powers of the world that it was necessary to establish a customary structure to the time of war. Predominantly, theRead MoreThe War Of The World War II1730 Words   |  7 Pagesand at the international level with the adoption of the treaties during the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907. Moreover, trials in nation al courts during this period further helped clarify the law. Following the end of World War II, major developments in the law occurred. Numerous trials of Axis war criminals established the Nuremberg principles, such as notion that war crimes constituted crimes defined by international law. Additionally, the Geneva Conventions in 1949 defined new war crimes and establishedRead MoreThe World Meteorological Organization Of The United Kingdom, Canada, And France1286 Words   |  6 Pageswith the four new drafts of Conventions, which were submitted by the major member countries, that is, United Kingdom, Canada, United States, and France, were considered during the Conference of Directors Meeting Which was held Washington, United States. After several discussions which settled the disagreements over the new draft, the approval of the World’s Meteorological Convention occurred and the resolution that the organization should partner with the UN was approved (Maunder, 1992). On OctoberRead MoreDating From 17th Century, The Freedom Of The Seas Concept2355 Words   |  10 Pagesresearch, training and socialization that aims at developing a more comprehensive perspective with respect to decision-making. It has also been an outcome of 9 years of negotiation and spell out of the regime of navigation in form of UN’s Law of Sea convention (1982). Evolution of International Maritime Security Regime, Treaties, Agreements and Partnerships, Principles evolved in conflict of law of seas, Ocean governance and other New Emerging Aspects as related to seas and territorial waters, continentalRead MoreViolations of Human Rights in the Arab-Israeli Conflict2116 Words   |  9 PagesCross and ultimately became the basis of human rights. The next time human rights were addressed in a very significant manner was after all of the atrocities committed by the Nazis during the Holocaust in World War II. These atrocities led to the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 by the United Nations General Assembly. This declaration features 30 articles in which lay out the rights that all human beings are entitled to on a global scale. Some of the main articles whichRead MoreThe New Challenges of the Humanitarian Law of Germany1906 Words   |  8 Pagesconfuses the application of common articles 13(2)/13(2)/4(A)(2), definin g lawful combatants, with the application of common Article 2, defining an international armed conflict, and Article 3 of the 1907 Hague Convention IV, Article 13 of the Third Geneva Convention, Article 29 of the Fourth Convention and Article 91 of Protocol I, on a states responsibility for violations of humanitarian law (Greenwood, 2006). Locked in the logic of its discussion of the internationalization of conflicts, the ICTY seemed

Charles Dickens Hard Times Essay - 1746 Words

Class systems sadly are an institutional part of society since biblical times and are still prominent in all cultures today. In British society, class systems are still as prevalent as they were in the 19th century, there are seven social classes, ranging from the elite at the top to the extreme poor at the bottom. Typically, in English society social class was always defined by occupation, wealth, and education with an addition of social and cultural classes. Social classes is a prevalent aspect of British society since before recorded history, it was the addition of money, land and title that increased the division of the classes. As the industrial revolution swung into full force, the division of classes strengthened. Social mobility became a common occurrence as society developed and moved forward towards the twentieth century. This holds true in the novel Hard Times, written by Charles Dickens in the Nineteenth century, examines the British class system through examples of so cial relationships and the labor force. (4) Class systems throughout British society are visible in each book of Hard Times. In Book One: Sowing, the first distinctions of class discrepancy are evident in the relationship between schoolmasters and students. Education and educators were deemed higher up in society than most people. The school masters of Coketown, Mr. and Mrs. Chokeumchild, and Mr. Gradgrind. The children who were the stories center focus were Louis, Tom, Sissy, and Bitzer. TheShow MoreRelatedCharles Dickens Hard Times1494 Words   |  6 Pages May 1, 2015 Mr. Johnson Literature Dickens Calls for Desperate Measures in Hard Times â€Å"I want to change the world.† How many times is that line heard from small children, aspiring to be someone who achieves their maximum potential? If a child is asked how they might go about doing so they might respond with an answer that involves a superhero or princess who helps people for the greater good. As one grows and adapts to their surrounding society, the art of seeing the big picture includingRead MoreCharles Dickens Hard Times Essay1717 Words   |  7 Pagesbecame a common occurrence as society developed and moved forward towards the twentieth century. This holds true in the novel Hard Times, written by Charles Dickens in the Nineteenth century, examines the British class system through examples of social relationships and the labor force. (4) Class systems throughout British society are visible in each book of Hard Times. In book one: Sowing, the first distinctions of class discrepancy are evident in the relationship between the schoolmasters andRead MoreCharles Dickens Hard Times971 Words   |  4 PagesIn Hard Times, Dickens presents life philosophies of three men that directly contradict each other. James Harthouse sees one’s actions in life as meaningless since life is so short. Mr. Gradgrind emphasizes the importance of fact and discourages fantasy since life is exactly as it was designed to be. Mr. Slearly exhibits that â€Å"all work and no play† will make very dull people out of all of us. He also proclaims that one should never look back on one’s life and regret past actions. Dickens is certainlyRead MoreHard Times By Charles Dickens1502 Words   |  7 Pagesnovel, Hard Times by Charles Dickens, concentrates on the Gradgrind family; of Mr. Thomas Gradgrind, his daughter Louisa, and son Tho mas Jr. A major theme of friendship is portrayed in the books through the character of Mr. Gradgrind as he struggles with the idea of friendship between other characters. According to the Nicomachean Ethics, by Aristotle, it explains a detailed account of friendship and what it is to be a friend to others. In comparing the character Mr. Gradgrind in Hard Times, to theRead MoreHard Times and Charles Dickens1845 Words   |  8 PagesThe novel Hard Times by Charles Dickens is a fictitious glimpse into the lives of various classes of English people that live in a town named Coketown during the Industrial Revolution. The general culture of Coketown is one of utilitarianism. The school there is run by a man ready to weigh and measure any parcel of human nature . This man, known as Thomas Gradgrind, is responsible for the extermination of anything fanciful and integration of everything pertinent and factual into the young, pliableRead MoreCharles Dickens Hard Times For These Times1074 Words   |  5 Pageselse, only to constantly find yourself memorizing empty facts over and over again? In Hard Times for these Times, Charles Dickens embodies the consequences of an absolutely factual world: blindness, imbalance, and nonfulfillment. Through the convoluted stories of the opposite worlds, Sissy’s journey to becoming a jewel of balance, Louisa’s tragic fight for fulfillment, and the harmonious character Sleary, Dickens defines the urgency for the proportional combination of fact and fancy. Gradgrind’sRead MoreIndustrialization in Hard Times by Charles Dickens1626 Words   |  7 PagesThe industrial revolution was an era of mechanization. During this era, in 1854, Charles Dickens (1812-1870) wrote Hard Times to comment upon the change within society and its effect on its people. Dickens points out the flaws and limitations of this new society in his eloquent and passionate plea on behalf of the working poor (Charles Dickens Hard Times, 2000). The novel shows presents to readers the authors perspective of life during the nineteenth century and makes comments on the central themeRead More Charles Dickens Hard Times Essay1102 Words   |  5 PagesCharles Dickens Hard Times There are a huge variety of characters in Hard Times, ranging from the good to the unnaturally cruel. The novel is full of extremity in its characterisation; cruel, bitter and selfish characters such as Mrs. Sparsit contrast dramatically with characters such as Stephen Blackpool and Rachael, who are benevolent and altruistic. Among the cruellest and most villainous characters in the novel is James Harthouse, who is completely ammoral, and therefore renderedRead MoreAnalysis: Hard Times by Charles Dickens1807 Words   |  7 PagesHard Times as a Social Commentary with Parallels in the Modern Era The novel Hard Times by Charles Dickens is clearly an incitement of the economic and social burden associated with economic and social disparity. The work is set in a small fictional mill town, Coketown, where the challenges of the newly emerging industrial revolution were fundamentally being set at the footsteps of the poor, who had little if any opportunity for upward mobility. During this period the alternatives for those withRead MoreEssay on Charles Dickens Hard Times2066 Words   |  9 PagesCharles Dickens Hard Times The book Hard Times was written in 1854. It was written in weekly instalments in a magazine called Household Words. This is like a normal soap but was weekly. The magazine was owned by Charles Dickens as he was a journalist. The book was written at the time of the Industrial Revolution. This was when factories were being built near major towns and cities such as Manchester, Liverpool and Birmingham. The Industrial Revolution was a time when there were big

Effectiveness of E-Learning in Education Free-Samples for Students

Question: Write a Literature Review on Effectiveness of E-learning in Education. Answer: Literature Review E-learning is a modern educational trend which has caught the fancy of the general population. E-learning is mainly facilitated with the help of Information Technology tools and this has played a vital role in creating a paradigm shift in the way education is imparted to the learners. The e-learning practices have been incorporated by some of the most prestigious universities around the globe and this has helped in shifting the traditional classroom education to the electronic environment. The advancements in the fields of computer technology has revolutionised the world of personal computing and this is one of the major factors which is responsible for the wide scale popularity of the E-learning among the global student community (Rao, 2011). (Masadeh et al., 2015) has defined e-learning to be the education facilitated with the help of a digital device like PDA, tablets or computers which is intended to support the learning process of the students. There is a lot of research going on in order to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching through electronic medium. According to (Sife et al., 2007), the main advantage of e-learning is that it does not require the learner and educator to be present within the same physical environment or a face-to-face situation thereby providing a lot of convenience to the learners. The learners are able to learn what is being taught in the classroom sitting in the comfort of their homes and according to the time which they find suitable. (Tsang, 2007) has described that there are various terminologies which are being utilised to describe the online learning process and these are distance learning, e-learning, virtual learning and internet learning. Irrespective of the terms which are being uti lised to describe the e-learning process, their characteristics remain the same. The learner is learning from a distance by utilising technology (internet and computer) to access the learning materials. The learners are able to obtain the necessary support which enables them to learn in an effective manner. The process of interaction between the learners and their tutors takes place with the help of technology. The traditional face-to-face teaching process is undergoing a radical change wherein the learning process is not necessarily being limited to the conventional classrooms (Song, 2010). The contribution of traditional learning towards the present education system cannot be ignored at any cost and this has played a vital role in enhancing the learning process of the learners. In the traditional classroom setting, the learners are able to clarify their doubts instantly with face-to-face interaction with their tutors. According to (Al-Hassan, 2010), the manner in which the teachers teach their students invariably creates a lasting impact on their mind. The advantages of traditional classrooms arise from the fact that they help in the social interaction process among the learners and also between the learners and their teachers. The teachers are able to provide numerous opportunities to the learners to clarify their doubts which might arise in the course of their learning process and this enables the students to learn what is being taught in the class in an effective manner (Kattoua et al., 2016). (Douglas Der Vyver, 2004) have stated that the e-learning provides many advantages over the traditional classroom learning. The e-learning provides an innovative medium through which the teachers and lecturers are able to impart knowledge to a wide environment. This plays a very important role in increasing the learning efficiency of the students and it has helped in facilitating greater opportunities for a diverse segment of learners who have access to computers and internet. The e-learning has played a significant role in challenging the traditional relationship which exists between the learners and their educators where the educators are mainly enjoying a dominant position over their students who in turn become passive receivers of knowledge and information from their teachers (Liao Lu, 2008). The online learning environment plays a vital role in empowering the students and this enables them to become active knowledge seekers. The students are able to participate in an interacti ve learning environment by capitalising on the available modern technologies like video conferencing, role-playing, personalised coaching, discussion board, online references and chat rooms (Tarhini, 2013). (Liu, 2013) has stated that a Learning Management System (LMS) is considered to be an effective embodiment of the e-learning process where a software system is utilised for the effective delivery and management of the tutor-led training content to the students through the online medium. The LMS is playing an instrumental role in facilitating faster access to learning content which can be accessed by anyone from anywhere and at any point of time. The Learning Content Management System (LCMS) and Content Management System (CMS) are quite similar to the LMS. The LCMS can be considered to be a computer application which employs a multi-user environment wherein different subject matter experts, software technology developers, teachers can collaborate and share their expertise and knowledge for ensuring an effective and enriching learning experience for the learners (Song, 2010). They create and distribute the learning content which helps the students to succeed in their academics. The CMS on the other hand can be considered to be an online database of the course materials which could be accessed by the students. In the year 1960, the Chant Royal Commission on Education in British Columbia found out that the student-teacher ratio in the public school classrooms were not ideal for an effective learning process. The student-teacher ratio was extremely high and this led to the viewpoint among many educationists that the students-teacher ratio needs to be brought down in order to provide an effective learning environment to the students. A survey held in 2005 amongst the administrators and teachers in Ontario College found out that nine out of ten teachers and administrators believed that reducing the size of the classroom would go a long way in having the biggest impact on the individual performance of the students. The e-learning environment plays a very important role in addressing this aspect. It provides an individualised learning environment to the students which enable them to learn according to their capabilities without any peer pressure (Holmstrm Pitknen, 2012). (Tarhini et al., 2013) has stated that the web based e-learning does not necessarily require extensive computer knowledge on the part of the learners. It only requires the students to have formal knowledge regarding the computer software in order to mitigate the acceptance barriers. The e-learning process can be categorised into the following categories: Self-paced independent study In this learning process, the learners create their own time schedule and study according to their own pace which they find comfortable. They can review their course and study materials as long as they desire. If the students face any problems during their learning process, then they can participate in online quizzes to get their doubts clarified. This type of learning requires the highest levels of self motivation as there is no one to help the students in their pursuit of knowledge (Tsang et al., 2007). Asynchronous Interactive In this learning process, the students participate in the learning process along with their tutors and other students though not simultaneously. They attend the online classes by accessing the online tutorial until their course gets completed. In this learning process, the students are able to obtain the support and guidance from their teachers and lecturers. The classmates also have adequate interaction with each other and they can participate in group discussions to get their doubts cleared. This type of learning process plays a vital role in enhancing the critical thinking skills among the students and it is not as monotonous as the self-paced independent study (Walker Johnson, 2008). Students are able to obtain an in-depth analysis of what is being taught to them and this helps in shifting the focus of education from being teacher-centered to being learners-centered. This type of learning helps to ensure a more democratic and egalitarian education syste m which makes thje leraning process more holistic for the learners. Sychronous learning In this learning process, the students have the liberty to attend live lectures or webinars (a seminar conducted over the internet) on their computers and they can clarify their doubts by asking questions though real-time live chat or email. This type of learning is the most interactive among the three online learning processes and the students are able to get the same experience which they obtain in the traditional classrooms. This learning process is extremely costly and thus there are only limited courses offering in this format (Tarkelson et al., 2011). According to (Oyelaran-Oyeyinka and Lal, 2005), the success of e-learning largely depends on the ability to ensure an effective sharing of resources and information through the internet or other communication systems which are collectively termed under the Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). Thus, it is extremely essential to ensure that continuous research and development takes place in the field of ICTs which would help in the development and creation of better technologies, thereby making the process of e-learning an effortless experience for the students in the near future (Al-Hassan, 2010). Reference Liu, J. (2013). E-learning in English classroom: Investigating factors impacting on ESL (English as Second Language) college students' acceptance and use of the Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment (Moodle). Kattoua, T., Al-Lozi, M., Alrowwad, A. A. (2016). A Review of Literature on E-Learning Systems in Higher Education.International Journal of Business Management Economic Research,7(5). Sife, A., Lwoga, E., Sanga, C. (2007). New technologies for teaching and learning: Challenges for higher learning institutions in developing countries.International journal of education and development using ICT,3(2). Holmstrm, T., Pitknen, J. (2012). E-learning in higher education: A qualitative field study examining Bolivian teachers' beliefs e-learning in higher education. Tarkelson, E., Sinclair, J., Yook, S., Egidio, R. (2011). An Analysis of e-Learning Impacts Best Practices in Developing Countries With Reference to Secondary School Education in Tanzania. Song, S. M. (2010). E-learning: Investigating students' acceptance of online learning in hospitality programs. Rao, S. R. (2011).Global e-Learning: A phenomenological study. Colorado State University. Al-Hassan, A. (2010). A comparison of e-learning and Traditional classroom Teaching: Petra University. In IATEFL (International Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign Language) Conference. Walker, G., Johnson, N. (2008). Faculty intentions to use components for webenhanced instruction. International Journal on ELearning, 7(1), 133-152. Oyelaran-Oyeyinka, B., Lal, K. (2005). Internet diffusion in sub-Saharan Africa: A cross-country analysis.Telecommunications policy,29(7), 507-527. Tsang, P. (2007).Enhancing learning through technology. World Scientific. Tarhini, A., Hone, K., Liu, X. (2013a). Extending the TAM to Empirically Investigate the Students Behavioural Intention to Use E-Learning in Developing Countries. Science and Information Conference (IEEE), United Kingdom, 07-09 Oct 2013. Douglas, D. E., Van Der Vyver, G. (2004). Effectiveness of e-learning course materials for learning database management systems: An experimental investigation.Journal of Computer Information Systems,44(4), 41-48. Tarhini, A. (2013). The effects of individual-level culture and demographic characteristics on e-learning acceptance in Lebanon and England: A structural equation modeling approach. (unpublished doctoral dissertation), Brunel University London, Middlesex, UK. Masadeh, R., Gharaibeh, A., Obeidat, B. (2015). Knowledge Sharing Capability: A Literature Review. In Fourth Scientific Research Conference on New Trends in Business, Management and Social Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey, 19-20 September 2015 (pp. 1-16). Wang, J., Doll, W.J., Deng, X., Park, K., Yang, M.G. (2013). The impact of faculty perceived reconfigurability of learning management systems on effective teaching practices. Computers Education, 61, 146-157

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Systematic Literature Of Leadership Theory -Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Systematic Literature Of Leadership Theory? Answer: Introducation It is essential to study organizational behavior as it helps to understand the behavior of the individual. Organizational behavior assists to study about the complex nature of the individuals who are conducting their day to day activities of the organization. It is evaluated that organization itself is a place where individual interacts and conduct the activities in a smooth way. Organizational behavior is one of the interdisciplinary fields that take into consideration psychology, sociology, psychology, political science, and economics. The overall success of the company is based on proper management of its people. The behavior of the individual is governed by various ideas, feelings, and activities of the organization. For proper management of the people in the organization, it is essential to consider the requirements (Hauser, 2014.). Since the behavior of the human can be different from the each other and it is not possible to consider unique solutions for the problems that are prevailing in the organization. This is the only reason that psychological and social aspects are considered so that the solutions can be made by focusing on the issues of the organization. There are many workers who are compassionate and also assist to support the work culture. The selfless attitude can give the positive outcome of the worker's faith in the management and also the satisfaction level towards the operations of the company. It is evaluated that if the employee does not trust the management can give impact on the working activities of the organization. Organizational culture takes into consideration the values, beliefs, vision, and principles of the employees. The behavior of the employees is directly impacted by the work culture and also it can give positive or negative impact (Bauman and Skitka, 2012). If there is a supportive culture at work then it can encourage and create a good environment for the organization. When the individuals are encouraged then the confidence level can be enhanced and the ideas of the employees can give a positive outcome in an effective manner. It is seen that workers can gain a proper understanding of the company if proper information is given to them. There are various factors that help to promote organizational behavior like encouragement, self-actualization. Management should consider the driving forces to stimulate the behavior and also to try the factors in the work culture (Olafsen et al., 2015). The employees of the organization can be promoted by promotions, incentives, and rewards. If the employees are not dedicated towards the work then it can give impact on the rewarding culture of the company. Also, the individual will lose interest in their work if they are not rewarded and recognized. Organizational behavior is related to the behavior of the people and also considers the factor that gives impact on the behaviors. It is important to understand the behavior of the individual constituting the company so that the work can be figured out easily. Management has to understand the reason for problematic behavior within the organization so that it can be minimized easily. Human behavior can be influenced by considering the information of the organizational behavior. Job designing should be according to the qualification of the employees so that they can conduct the activities of the organization smoothly. When the employees are hired it is necessary to analyze their capability so that they can conduct the activities accordingly. It gives focus on minimizing the conflicts of the workers and also helps to achieve the goals of the organization. In Cognitive theory, there are two motivators. One is intrinsic and the other is extrinsic that focuses on enhancing the motivation level of the employees. Intrinsic motivators are concerned with the responsibility and competence. It has a connection with the performance of the employees and also considers the interest of the workers (Maslow, 2015).Extrinsic motivator has a connection with the pay and working environment of the organization. Intrinsically employees who are motivated operate the activities according to the satisfaction level and rewards of the employees. It is seen that to conduct the activities it is important to conduct the operations by considering the working environment of the organization (Bello, 2012). Intrinsic motivator helps to minimize the level of motivation of the intrinsic motivator. Job Satisfaction also helps to increase the overall performance of the employees. It is evaluated that if the worker is satisfied with the activities then dedication can be increased among the employees who are conducting the activities. By taking into consideration satisfaction level of the employees Maslow hierarchy will be discussed to analyze the requirements for the employees (Kaur, 2013). Self-actualization on the working environment considers training, growth, and creativity. Esteem needs take into consideration high status and the responsibilities to conduct the activities of the organization. Safety needs focus on work and job safety. So it is essential to take into consideration the requirements of the employees so that they feel motivated and happy. Every employee of the organization has some expectation from the companies. So it is important to fulfill the expectation level of the em ployee's so that they can give their best to conduct the activities of the organization (Healy, 2016). "SMART GOAL" theory considers the managers of the organization so that they can give proper directions to the employees. It is seen that if the organization want to achieve success in the market, then goals should be set according to the employees. If goal setting theory is analyzed then it is seen that dissatisfaction can be minimized of the employees (Men, 2014). Theory X and Y analyze the satisfaction level of the employees. Theory X focuses on monetary advantages and Y reflects the independence of the employees. The employees who consider the theory X is lazy and the theory Y employees increase the goodwill of the company. The companies take into consideration theory X and Y so that positive results can be achieved (Leder et al., 2016). It is important for the top managers to give emphasis on the overall objectives of the company so that the operations can be conducted smoothly. It is the duty of the employees to conduct the activities of the organization with dedication and responsibility so that goals can be attained. The working environment of the company should be positive so that the opportunity can be grabbed. The operations of the company should be simple so that the good results can be achieved (Korschun et al., 2014). By giving emphasis on the paper, it is analyzed that the theories of organizational behavior helps the companies to operate the activities smoothly. The workers who are given task should be according to the interest and also the employees should give focus on achieving the opportunity prevailing in the company. Growth is essential for the employees, so that can survive for a long time in the market. Managers should be dedicated to allocate the work according to capability and interest of the employees (Zeb et al., 2014). It is essential for the workers to achieve goals so that good position can be attained. To influence the behavior of the employees the company considers the organizational behavior so that the employee's reaction can be changed according to the policies and procedures of the company. Management can also consider the management so that the conflicts can be minimized. There are also various measures like perks and promotions that assist to create a good workplace that impacts the performance of the employees in a positive manner. The organization can only achieve success by evaluating the organizational behavior. Organization behavior theories are important so that the activities can be conducted smoothly with efficiency (Parris and Peachey, 2013). Relationship of the employees is also important to be maintained so that productive performance can be attained easily. To increase the employee's motivation level it is important to consider the factor related to the personality of the employees. If the proper relation is there in the organization then the activities of the organization can be managed easily. Organization profits can also be attained if there is proper flow of activities in the organization. So, it is important for the managers to focus on the employee's so that they can give their best to accomplish the objective of the organization. Also, the top management should give focus on the working pattern of the employees so that growth of the organization can be maintained in the market. It is essential for the employees to create target so that the objectives can be achieved in an effective manner. It is essential for the workers to create proper target so that the objectives can be accomplished. It is analyzed that the employees should be confidence in conducting the activities of the organization so that the task can be completed efficiently. 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